SCIENTIFIC METHODLOGY (NATURE, WISEDOM, 'REALITY') :
Herbert Spencer (1820-1903) "Education":
"Science is organized knowledge".
Francis Bacon (1577-1626) "Proposition Touching Amendment Of Laws":
"Books must follow science, and not sciences books".
Francis Bacon (1561-1626) "Of Studies":
"Read not to contradict and confuse, nor to believe and take for granted, nor to find talk and discourse, but to weigh and consider".
Francis Bacon (1561-1626) "Of Truth":
"The inquiry of truth, which is the love-making, or wooing of it, the knowledge of truth, which is the presence of it, and the belief of truth, which is the enjoying of it, is the sovereign good of human nature".
Edmund Burke (1729-97) "Letter On A Regicide Peace", Letter I:
"Never, no, never, did Nature say one thing and Wisdom say another".
Edmund Burke (1729-97) "Letter To The Sheriffs Of Bristol":
"Between craft and credulity, the voice of reason is stifled".
Charles Churchill (1831-64):
"It can’t be Nature, for it is not sense".
George Nathaniel Curzon, Marquess Curzon of Kedleston (1859-1935), "Speech, House Of Commons" (March 29, 1898):
"I do not exclude the intelligent anticipation of facts even before they occur".
Daniel Defoe (1661?-1731):
"And of all plagues with which mankind are curst, Ecclesiastic tyranny’s the worst".
Sir Arthur Conan Doyle (1859-1930):
"It is a capital mistake to theorize before one has data".
"How often have I said to you that when you have eliminated the impossible, whatever remains, however improbable, must be the truth?".
Sir Willaim Hamilton (1788-1856) "Discussions On Philosophy":
"Truth. Like a torch, the more it’s shook it shines".
Oliver Wendell Holmes (1809-1984):
"A moment’s insight is sometimes worth a life’s experience".
Thomas Babington Macaulay, Baron Macaulay, (1800-59) "Essays And Biographies. History":
"Knowledge advances by steps, and not by leaps".?!
Blaise Pascal (1623-62):
"Le Coeur a ses raisons que la raison ne connaît point" (The heart has its reasons which reason knows nothing of).
George Bernard Shaw (1856-1950) "Annajanska" (1919):
"All great truths begin as blasphemies".
Isaac Asimov (1920- 1992):
“The most exciting phrase to hear in science, the one that heralds new discoveries, is not “Eureka!” but “That’s funny…”.
"The universe as we know it is a joint product of observer and the observed".
Jacob Bronowski (1951), "The Common Sense Of Science". Random House:
"Science is not a set of facts, but a way of giving order and therefore giving unity and intelligibility to the facts of nature".
Wendell Johnson (1906–1965):
Wendell Johnson (1946), "People In Quandaries: The Semantics Of Personal Adjustment".
A part of the scientific method consists of "fashioning questions that can be answered by means of observations that can be made".
"Facts change, but sufficient unto the day are the facts thereof. Indeed change itself would to be the most important fact of all. Facts as we see them are little more than quick glimpses of a ceaseless transformation – as if we viewed the separate frames of a moving picture without quite realizing that what we were viewing was, in fact, a moving picture".
Adolf Meyer (1866-1950):
"What ails most people is not that they are ignorant, but that they know too much that isn’t so".
Morpheus ("The Matrix"):
"It is the world that has been pulled over your eyes to blind you from the truth".
Ilya Prigogrine; I. Stengers (1984) "Order Out Of Chaos”. Bantam:
"Whatever we call reality, it is revealed to us only through an active construction in which we participate”.
Werner Heisenberg (1958) "Physics And Philosophy". Harper and Row:
"What we observe is not nature itself, but nature exposed to our method of questioning".
Mohandas Karamchand (Mahatma) Gandhi (1869-1948):
“All progress is gained through mistakes and their rectification. No good comes fully fashioned out of God’s hand, but has to be carried out through repeated experiments and repeated failures by ourselves. This is the law of individual growth. The same law controls social and political evolution also. The right to err, which means the freedom to try experiments, is the universal condition of all progress”.
“If the human nervous system were simple enough for us to understand it easily, we would be so simple that we couldn’t”.
“A physicist is an atom’s way of thinking about another atom”.
Bertrand Arthur William Russell (1872-1970):
“The man who has fed the chicken every day throughout its life at last wrings its neck instead, showing that more refined views as to the uniformity of nature would have been useful to the chicken”.
CREATIVITY IN REASONING:
Ted Falconar (2000) "Creative Intelligence And Self-Liberation: Korzybski, Non-Aristotelain Thinking And Eastern Realization". Crown House Publishing:
"Failure to create or see new ideas stems from two sources: the filter or screen mentioned earlier and Aristotelian Thinking. These may in fact be just one mechanism – the Aristotelian. Aristotelian Thinking is the way the mind excludes the unfamiliar; it is about recognizing things or finding resemblances, calle Associative Thinking by Abraham Maslow. It is rougly analogous to the search that is made in a filing cabinet. The phrase “racking one’s brains” descrbes this often hopeless search. Unfortunately a truly revolutionary new idea cannot be in the filing cabinet at all. Thus Aristotelian Thinking is incapable of grasping a new idea that is revolutionary".
Albert Einstein (1879–1955):
"Imagination is more important than knowledge".
Sir Arthur Conan Doyle (1859-1930):
"Mediocrity knows nothing higher than itself, but talent instantly recognizes genius".
Sir Joshua Reynolds (1723-92) "Discourse To Students Of The Royal Academy", (Dec 14, 1770):
"A mere copier of nature can never produce anything great".
Sir Joshua Reynolds (1723-92), (Dec 10, 1774):
"He who resolves never to ransack any mind but his own, will be soon reduced, from mere barrenness, to the poorest of all imitations; he will be obliged to imitate himself, and to repeat what he has before often repeated".
Sir Arthur Helps (1813-75) "Friends In Council", Bk.II:
"Reading is sometimes an ingenius device for avoiding thought".
John Sturat Mill (1806-73):
"No great improvements in the lot of mankind are possible, until a great change takes place in the fundamental constitution of their modes of thought".
Ralph Waldo Emerson (1803-82):
"Invention breeds invention".
Henry Wheeler Shaw (“Josh Billing’s”; 1818-85), “Josh Billings’ Encyclopedia Of Wit And Wisdom” (1874):
“The trouble with people is not that they don’t know but that they know so much that ain’t so”.
BEAUTY IN DISCOVERY:
Francis Bacon (1561-1626) "Of Beauty":
"There is no excellent beauty that hath not some strangeness in the proportion".
Francis Bacon (1561-1626) "Of Innovation":
"He that will not apply new remedies must expect new evils; for time is the greatest innovator".
John Donne (1571?-1631) "Elegies, No. 2. The Anagram":
"Love built on beauty, soon as beauty, dies".
David Hume (1711-76) "Of Tragedy":
"Beauty in things exist in the mind which contemplates them".
Margaret Wolfe Hungerford (1855?-97), "Molloy Bawn" (1878):
"Beauty is in the eye of the beholder".
Lew Wallace (1827-1905), "The Prince Of India" (1893):
"Beauty is altogether in the eye of the beholder".
John Milton (1608-74):
In the admiration only of weak minds
Carl Gustav Jung (1875-1961):
“Science is the art of creating suitable illusions, which the fool enjoys or argues against but the wise man enjoys for their beauty or ingenuity, without being blind to the fact that they are human veils and curtains concealing the abysmal darkness of the unknowable”.
Henry David Thoreau (1817-62), “A Week On The Concord And Merrimack Rivers, Wednesday”:
"It takes two to speak the truth, - one to speak, and another to hear".
John Keats (1795-1821), Letters, 32. To G. and T. Keats (Dec 21, 1817).
"The excellency of every art is its intensity, capable of making all disagreeable evaporate, from their being in close relationship with beauty and truth".
Horace (65-8 B.C.):
"Mutato nomine de te Fabula narratur" (Change but the name, and it is of yourself that tale is told).
Pablo Picasso (October 25, 1881 - April 8, 1973):
“Art is a lie that makes us realize the truth”.
Dianne Arbus (Diane Nemerov March 14, 1923 - July 26, 1971):
“A photograph is a secret about a secret – the more it tells you the less you know”.
John Stuart Mill (1806-1873):
“He who knows only his side of the case knows little”.
Aristotle (c.350 B.C.):
"προαιρεΐσθαί τεδεΐ άδύνατα είκότα μάλλον ή δμνατά άπίθανα"
(A likely impossibility is always preferable to an unconvincing possibility).
Bishop Joseph Butler (1692-1753):
"But to us, probability is the very guide of life".
Neville Chamberlain (1869-1940) "Captain Swift":
"The long arm of coincidence".
Tertullian (160-225) "De Carne Christi":
"Certum est quia impossibile est" (It is certain because it is impossible).
Eric Temple Bell:
"The consuming hunger of the uncritical mind for what it imagines to be certainty or finality impels it to feast upon shadows".
James Joseph Sylvester (1814–1897):
"In mathematics we look for similarities in differences and differences in similarities".
Albert Einstein (1879–1955):
"As far as the laws of mathematics refer to reality, they are not certain, and as far as they are certain, they do not refer to reality".
William Whewell (1794-1866):
Quoted as an example of accidental metre and Rhyme. Printed in prose in Whewell’s Elementary Treatise on Mechanics (1819).
"And so no force, however great,
Can stretch a cord, however fine,
Into a horizontal line
That shall be absolutely straight".
Charles Robert Darwin (1809-82), “The Origin Of Species” (1859):
"I have called this principle, by which each slight variation, if useful, is preserved, by the term of Natural Selection".
Charles Robert Darwin (1809-82):
"The expression often used by Mr. Herbert Spencer of the Survival of the Fittest is more accurate, and is sometimes equally convenient".
John Dryden (1631-1700):
"By viewing nature, nature’s handmaid art,
Makes mighty things from small beginnings grow:…".
Thomas Carlyle (1795-1881):
"Man is a tool-using animal…Without tools he is nothing, with tools he is all".
Benjamin Franklin (1706-90), “Boswell’s (Apr 7, 1778) Life Of Johnson”:
"Man is a tool-making animal".
Thomas Robert Malthus (1766-1834), “The Principal Of Population”:
"Population, when unchecked, increases in a geometrical ratio. Subsistence only increases in an arithmetical ratio".
John Henry, Cardinal Newman (1801-90):
"Growth (is) the only evidence of life".
John Henry, Cardinal Newman (1801-90), “Position Of My Mind since 1845”:
“Ten thousand difficulties do not make one doubt”.
John Henry, Cardinal Newman (1801-90), Motto adopted for his coat-of-arms as cardinal (1879):
"Cor ad cor loquitur" (Heart speaks to heart).
Langdon Smith (1858-1918), “A Toast To A Lady (The Scape-Book, April 1906)”:
"When you were a tadpole, and I was a fish,
In the Palaeozoic time,
And side by side in the ebbing tide
We sprawled through the ooze and slime".
Herbert Spencer (1820-1903):
"Evolution…is – change from an indefinite, incoherent homogeneity, to a definite coherent heterogeneity".
Herbert Spencer (1820-1903), “Principles Of Biology”:
"This survival of the fittest".
Herbert Spencer (1820-1903), “Social Statics”:
“Progress, therefore, is not an accident, but a necessity,..It is a part of a nature”.
Robert Louis Stevenson (1850-94), “Pastoral”:
"Each has his own tree of ancestors, but at the top of all sits Probably Arboreal".
Jonathan Swift (1667-1745):
"Hobbes clearly proves, that every creature
Lives in a state of war by nature".
Alfred, Lord Tennyson (1809-92):
"Nature, red in tooth and claw.
Walt Whitman (?1819-1892), “Song Of Myself”:
"I believe a leaf of grass is no less than the journey – work of the stars".
NURTURE NOT NATURE:
Aristotle (c. 350 B.C.):
"We are what we repeatedly do.
Excellence, then, is a habit
Rather than a single act".